In criminal justice system, several justice models are implemented to ensure that the proper justice is served in any case. There are two most used models (2 major criminal justice models), which are the crime control model and the due process model. While one put more power into the hands of the government the others emphasis is on the right of an individual accused on a crime than society, thus tending to put more power in the hands of the public than the government.
The crime control model stresses that crime may be reduced in the society by increasing the manpower (staff) numbers in the law enforcing agencies or prosecutors. This model says increasing the number of police officers and other law enforcing staff may reduce criminal practices in a society. It pushes the fact that peace, order and society protection is the responsibility of the government, leaving out individual constitutional right or liberty. It pushes for the public or society right to peace and order in their environment, not the right of the defendant (accused person).
Due process model emphasizes the constitutional human rights and liberty of any individual accused of a crime. Due process of law tends to oppose the crime control model tough approach to crime and criminals; it sees most tough approaches on suspects (individual accused of any crime) as harassment. Until a person is legally proved guilty of the charges placed on that individual such a person should not be rough handled but be seen as innocent. Harassment by law enforcement agents or agencies seen as government intrusions on right, this is what due process is all out to curb in the society. This model is out to protect the innocently accused of crime and provide due rehabilitation where necessary.
These two models are still functional as valid criminal justice models in US and are used interchangeably. The government of the day determines the one that dominates in a political time line. If the government of the day is in favor of crime control models, it may naturally encourage it during its rule in office instead of due process of law model. Thus the political climate defines the dominating criminal justice model in place per time.
Despite the existing differences in both models, they both do not allow law enforcement officers to enforce justice using personal beliefs, prejudice or bias, and discrimination on any criminal case at hand.
How Crime Control Model Is Implemented In Society
When crime control model is the model dominant in a society, the law enforcement officers adopt several strategies in enforcing law and order in ways that does not allow plea bargains or appeals where possible. Suspects a dealt with as though guilty of the crime. Immediate justice actions and tough crime justice systems of crime control model protect the society by scaring away criminals and thereby curbing crime or criminal acts.
Both the Crime Control Model and Due Process of Law model have constitutional values that benefit all aspect of the criminal justice system, staff within the legal system, and the society at large.
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